Forensic scientists collect, analyze, and compare physical evidence from suspected crimes. They provide analysis of evidence in toxicology, including alcohol, controlled substances and clandestine drug labs, biology and DNA, firearms, impression evidence such as shoeprints, tire marks or fingerprints, trace evidence including hair, fibers, and paint, and crime-scene analysis of blood spatter patterns and evidence collection, and they testify in state and federal court cases about their analyses in criminal trials.
If you need to translate documents in the field of forensic analysis, you may find this capsule vocabulary list by Rebecca Jowers most helpful.
In their work ES-EN legal translators (and lawyers and professors) often require a minimum basic vocabulary in a specific area of law, something that they will be hard pressed to find searching word-by-word in a dictionary. (In this case, the “problem” with dictionaries is that they are in alphabetical order!) Blog entries labeled “Capsule Vocabularies” will feature some of the basic terminology lists developed for use by my students of legal English that may also be of interest to translator and interpreter colleagues and other legal professionals.
(Análisis forense) Forensic Analysis
- policía científica—forensic police; crime scene investigators
- inspección ocular técnico policial—crime scene investigation
- análisis dactiloscópico; dactiloscopia—fingerprint analysis; dactyloscopy
- prueba dactiloscópica—fingerprint evidence
- análisis lofoscópico; lofoscopia—handprint/footprint analysis
- análisis de ADN—DNA analysis
- marcadores de ADN—DNA markers
- análisis toxicológico—toxicological analysis
- análisis balístico (balística forense)—ballistic analysis (forensic ballistics)
- análisis acústico (acústica…
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